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Why Should Command Centers Use COB LED Display Screens?

by | Apr 3, 2024 | Blogs | 0 comments

For a long time, small-pitch LED displays have been the main choice for command centers, especially the SMD small-pitch LED display, which has been the first choice in the past decade. It has the advantages of high resolution, high grayscale recovery display, high refresh rate, high consistency and uniformity, low noise, easy maintenance, etc., which can meet the high requirements of the command center for display.

However, the SMD fine-pitch LED display is not perfect, it has a lot of shortcomings that affect the customer’s experience. With LED technology development, COB technology was introduced, and accelerating its popularity. If you are looking for an LED display for command center solution, do you know how to start? Why prioritize COB LED displays?

How big should command center LED screens generally be?

COB LED Display

At the heart of a command center, where the clarity and detail of the information displayed are paramount, LED screen size and resolution play a crucial role. Typically, the size of LED screens used in command centers ranges from large to massive, often covering 150 to 200 square meters. This large LED display area ensures that data, surveillance footage, and other critical information can be viewed by multiple people at the same time, from different angles, without losing clarity or detail.

What is the best pixel pitch for command center LED screens?

COB LED Display

For command centers, where every detail counts, the pixel pitch of an LED screen – a measure of the distance between the centers of two adjacent pixels – becomes critical. 

A pixel pitch of 1.0mm to 2.5mm is often recommended for these environments. This range strikes a balance between high resolution, ensuring that text and images are sharp and easy to read at various distances and cost-effectiveness. Smaller pixel pitches provide higher resolution, which is beneficial for displaying complex data visualizations and detailed maps that are critical to decision-making.

Why use COB displays in command centers?

COB LED Display

Advantages of COB over SMD LED packaging:

  • Wider viewing angle and higher brightness: COB (Chip On Board) technology provides a wider viewing angle and higher brightness compared to SMD (Surface Mounted Device) packaging. 
  • Stronger protection: Panel-type encapsulation processing technology, effective protection of light-emitting chips and internal devices, so that the LED screen can easily cope with a variety of environmental tests, to provide 360 ° all-around protection;COB integrated encapsulation will be light-emitting chips through the crystalline encapsulation in the PCB board on the surface of the use of epoxy resin or silicone encapsulation of the unique surface layer of the spraying material is waterproof, anti-static and anti-scratch, smooth and flat. They solve the SMD transportation, installation, and maintenance process of the external bump off the point of the higher rate of the problem;Epoxy resin and PCB board has a strong combination of anti-external collision ability is outstanding, and can protect the internal LED chip.
  • Lighter and thinner cabinets: The physical design of COB screens allows for thinner and lighter enclosures, making them easier to install, disassemble and transport.
  • Smaller Pitch and Higher Clarity: COB technology enables LED screens with a pixel pitch of less than 1.0mm, resulting in higher display clarity and softer, more delicate colors. COB displays are particularly suitable for high-end locations where detailed visuals are required.
  • Lower thermal resistance, longer life: COB packaging significantly reduces system thermal resistance, resulting in longer LED fixture life.
  • Higher packaging efficiency, and cost savings: The COB packaging process is similar to SMD, but is more efficient in several steps, potentially saving up to 5% in material costs compared to traditional SMD packaging.
  • Superior light quality: As an integrated packaging solution, COB reduces light refraction losses, eliminating problems common to SMD packagings such as spotlighting, glare and ghosting. COB screens also eliminate moiré patterns in photos, reducing eye strain over long periods of viewing.
COB LED Display

In addition, One of the key advantages of COB technology over SMD is its energy efficiency. When using the Doitvision P1.5 COB LED screen as a case:

FeatureCOB TechnologySMD Technology
Power Consumption per Square Meter (Watts)320600
Power Saving per Square Meter (Watts)280
Power Saving for 100 Square Meters (Watts per Hour)28,000
Daily Power Saving for 8 Hours Operation (Watts)224,000

Notes:

  • COB technology: Stands for Chip on Board, a method of LED packaging in which the LED chip is mounted directly onto the printed circuit board.
  • SMD technology: Stands for Surface-Mounted Device, a type of LED packaging in which the LED chip is encased in a plastic package that is then soldered to the surface of the PCB.
  • Power consumption per square metre: The amount of power consumed per square metre.
  • Power saving per square metre: The amount of power saved per square metre.
  • Power saved for 100 square metres (watts per hour): The total power saved for 100 square metres in one hour.
  • Daily power saving for 8 hours operation: The total power saved in a day based on 8 hours of operation.

Based on experimental data, COB is more energy efficient and environmentally friendly, and the long-term cost of ownership after installation can also be greatly reduced.

Why is COB more energy efficient?

COB LED Display

Our COB displays use advanced flip-chip common cathode technology:

COB flip-chip common cathode technology is a type of LED display technology in which the LED beads are encapsulated on the PCB by flip-chip soldering and the common cathode power supply method is adopted. COB flip-chip common-cathode technology combines the best of both COB flip-chip packaging and common-cathode technology. Here’s a simple breakdown of its advantages:

  • High density: Packs more into less space, making things more compact.
  • Low power consumption: Uses less power, which is good for the environment and your wallet.
  • Better cooling: Keeps things cool more efficiently, which is great for performance.
  • Separate power for red and blue/green lights: Red lights can use 2.8V and blue/green lights can use 3.8V. It can save up to 30% of power for the same current.
  • Less screen power consumption: Saves on power consumption, reducing the need for extra cables and power upgrades.
  • Flip Chip COB Packaging: Uses a special method of packaging LED chips upside down. This eliminates the need for connection wires and makes the package lighter and thinner.
  • Lower thermal resistance: Heat dissipates faster, keeping things cooler.
  • Better light quality and precision display:  COB Makes colors look clearer and the display more detailed.

Although the price of COB LED display is slightly higher than SMD LED display, the low failure rate and energy-saving characteristics of COB can allow customers to reduce the maintenance cost and power consumption cost, So the comprehensive cost is lower than SMD LED display.

Compared to the traditional SMD LED display, COB LED wall has a longer life, more stable, more energy efficient, more clear and more convenient these characteristics, so COB LED display has become a new LED display for command centers in recent years.

Conclusion:

Due to their durability, stability, energy efficiency, clarity and comfort, COB LED displays have rapidly become the preferred choice for modern command centers. COB LED displays offer a superior viewing experience and operational savings. As a command centers project, using COB technology will improve the performance and efficiency of LED displays in these operational centers.

FAQs:

What is Common Cathode Powering?

Common cathode power supply is a technology used in LED displays to save energy. It drives the LED screen in such a way that the red, green and blue chips receive exactly the current and voltage they need. The current goes through the LED first and then to the negative side of the IC. This lowers the forward voltage drop and reduces the on-resistance. It helps reduce the heat generated by the display, uses less power and responds efficiently, making it an ideal way to save energy.

What are the differences between common cathode and common anode LED display driver architectures?

The way they are driven: Common-cathode means that the current first goes through the LED to the negative side of the IC. This reduces the forward voltage drop and on-resistance. Common anode means the current goes from the PCB to the LED, powering the chip directly and increasing the forward voltage drop.

The voltage required to power the LED: Common cathode requires around 2.8V for red chips and around 3.8V for blue and green chips. This precise power supply uses less electricity and the LED screen generates less heat. With common anode, the higher the voltage at constant current, the higher the power and the more power is used, the screen will produce more heat.

What are the advantages of the common cathode LED display driver architecture?

Independent power supply, energy saving: It uses precise electronic control to distribute different voltages to the LED circuit based on the photoelectric characteristics of the red, green and blue LEDs. This makes the product consume less power compared to similar products.

More stable, truer colors: By precisely controlling the voltage and reducing power consumption and heat, it prevents wavelength drift during continuous operation, ensuring the display shows true and stable colors.

Longer screen life: Lower power consumption reduces the system’s temperature rise, reducing the likelihood of LED damage. This improves the stability and reliability of the display system, effectively extending its life.

About the Author

Kris Liang

Kris Liang

Founder/LED display expert

Kiris Liang is the founder of Doitvision. 12 + years in LED visual industry. Full passion of LED, product designer & chief salesman. Looking for teammate of technical/ marketing / sales.

Connecting people relative with LED displays.

Email: kris@doitvision.net